Infineon offers a wide range of high-side switches, designed for automotive and industrial applications
High-Side Switches subcategories
- Power PROFET™ + 12V | Automotive Smart High-Side Switch
- PROFET™ Load Guard 12V | Automotive Smart High-Side Switch
- PROFET™ +2 12V | Automotive Smart High-Side Switch
- PROFET™ + 12V | Automotive Smart High-Side Switch
High-side switches are used to turn electrical loads ON and OFF by switching the positive (high-) side of the load supply. Additionally, smart high-side switches are designed with the ability to protect themselves and diagnose possible unintended system behavior.
The PROFET™ family is Infineon's solution for power switch ICs. PROFET™ stands for PROtected MOSFET and gathers all high-side switches, including automotive qualified and products for industrial use. PROFET™ intelligent high-switches consist of DMOS power transistors and CMOS logic circuitry to form a device with integrated driver functionality, protection, and diagnostic features.
Infineon’s extensive portfolio of PROFET™ smart high-side power switches is clustered into a variety of product families that are supported for a wide range of applications. With state-of-the-art diagnostics and protection features, PROFET™ devices can switch loads in a wide current range including cost optimized solutions, for loads below 1 A (e.g. LED loads) up to loads of 40 A (e.g. PTC heater) using the newest low RDS(on) high current switches.
High-Side Switch Product Portfolio
Infineon’s PROFET™ protected high-side MOSFET power switches offer solutions for a wide range of automotive and industrial applications and are available as single and multi-channel switches. Our latest DMOS transistor technologies offer improved short circuit robustness and better performance as well as high voltage capability and optimized chip size.
All PROFET™ smart high-side power switch families offer protection against overload, overvoltage, short-circuit, excessive temperature, ground loss, power supply loss, and Electrostatic Discharge (ESD). Additionally, the different PROFET™ high-side load switch families can protect against dynamic overvoltage such as load dump and inductive load turn-off depending on the application they were designed for (e.g. automotive, industrial, consumer, commercial, construction, and agricultural vehicles (CAV)).
PROFET™ includes several families:
The PROFET™ Load Guard portfolio is characterized by the highest design flexibility, provided by the possibility to adjust the overcurrent limitation of each device, according to the load requirements. This minimizes design-in efforts by setting up only one design, as the current limit can be adapted on demand if load-driving requirements change. Exchanging devices within the PROFET™ Load Guard family is simple, as the single and dual-channel devices in the established PG-TSDSO-14 exposed pad package are pin and function compatible. With the integrated capacitive load switching mode, a broad range of capacitive loads can be charged in the safe operating area. Furthermore, the family offers to perform precise module diagnosis with best in class current sense accuracy in smart switches in low current regions (kILIS) and ISO 26262-ready documentation supports the use in safety-related applications.
All in all, the PROFET™ Load Guard is a flexible device to fulfill the needs of upcoming automotive power distribution generations. Especially autonomous driving and advanced driver assistance systems benefit from the adjustable current limitation by protecting sensitive input and output filters of sensors.
PROFET™ +2 12V, our latest product family of smart high-side switches, offers protection, and an accurate current sense diagnostic. Designed for nominal load currents from 1 A to 32 A, it addresses a wide range of power distribution applications. The pin-to-pin compatible packages (TSDSO-14 and TSDSO-24) enable ultimate design flexibility and ensure a low power dissipation as well as space-saving on the PCB. PROFET™ +2 12V includes highly accurate current sensing (< 5%) for load monitoring, ISO 26262-ready documentation, and AEC-Q 100 Grade 1 as well as Grade 0 qualified products for high ambient temperature applications.
Power PROFET™ + 12V is our automotive qualified and ISO 26262 ready high current load switch from 20 A to 60 A. These lowest ohmic smart power switches down to 0.6 mOhm offer a high short circuit robustness, high energy capability as well as enhanced thermal capabilities in a 8 pin TO leadless package.
PROFET™ + 12V family is characterized by its high short circuit robustness and drives currents from 0.5 A to 11 A. It withstands load dump voltages up to 42 V and offers current sense diagnosis. The whole PROFET™ + 12V high-side switch IC product family is pin-to-pin compatible within the family as well as with the PROFET™ + 24V family. PROFET™ + 12V is automotive qualified.
PROFET™ + 24V are designed for higher voltage supply systems and harsh operation environments like trucks, buses, and construction & agricultural vehicles (CAV). The scalable family with 12 pin-to-pin compatible devices incl. an ISO 26262-compliant device offers comprehensive protection functions, very fast current sense diagnostic, an extended operating voltage range, and high short-circuit robustness. PROFET™ + 24V are automotive qualified.
Classic PROFET™ 12V is an established and versatile family. With more than 25 years on the market, those power ICs have proven their technical advantages and benefits. Designed for currents from 0.5 A to 20 A, they provide high-energy capability. Additionally, some devices offer a low current limitation threshold. They also operate in an extended voltage range and offer 6 different packages in the family. Classic PROFET™ 12V are automotive qualified.
Classic PROFET™ 24V is the variation of the Classic PROFET™ 12V, but designed specifically for 24V applications: commercial, agriculture, and transport vehicles, ABS, fuel injection, etc. In addition to the features and benefits of the 12 V family, those integrated load switches also offer a high clamping voltage (up to 75 V) and PWM capability. Available in 8 different packages, Classic PROFET™ 24V can drive up to 8 channels. Classic PROFET™ 24V is automotive qualified.
Industrial PROFET™ are designed for industrial applications. Due to their outstanding energy robustness, they are perfectly suitable for high-side relay drivers, as well as switching high inductance loads. Their main application areas include high-voltage applications (VBAT up to 58 V), high-speed PWM applications (up to 1 kHz), switching higher inductances smoothly, enabling switching of applications with long wiring or any other kind of inductive loads or applications with space constraints.
Infineon’s broad portfolio of PROFET™ smart high-side switches meet a wide variety of applications in automotive, commercial, construction, and agricultural vehicles (CAV), including electronic control units (ECU), seat control designs, and energy efficient LED lighting. Additionally, PROFET™ automotive high-side switches are automotive qualified and target applications like body control modules, transmission systems, heating applications, power distribution, or seat control modules. Our 24 V capable devices (Industrial PROFET™, Classic PROFET™, and PROFET™ + 24V) address various industrial applications such as industrial automation, programmable logic controllers (PLC), or solar/wind energy systems.
Find the perfect device for your application using the Automotive Application Guide
PROFET (PROtected Field Effect Transistors) is our High-Side smart power switch brand. It consists of a MOSFET, a gate driver with charge pump, and multiple protection and diagnosis features.
In addition, several protection features are integrated. For example, short circuit protection can protect the MOSFET if a short to ground/battery occurs.
The overvoltage protection ensures the MOSFET will not be damaged during load dump transients or other high voltage events (assuming the transient pulse energy is within specified limits). The reverse battery protection keeps the smart switch safe if the battery polarity is reversed (current may flow, but the device will not be
damaged). The current limit feature limits the maximum current that the MOSFET switch can source. This again helps to protect the switch from short to ground/battery conditions. The overtemperature protection is
enabled if the temperature of the MOSFET junction reaches unsafe levels: the switch is turned off stopping the current flow completely.
Finally, diagnostics are included so the smart switch can provide feedback to a microcontroller if a fault condition is detected.
Overtemperature and overcurrent protection
Typically, the overtemperature protection is enabled if the temperature of the junction reaches unsafe levels, e.g. where the load current might not be high enough to be detected by the diagnostics. However, maintained for some time, the load current will actually heat the device and trigger the overtemperature protection. For that, all PROFET have an integrated temperature sensor.
To understand the over temperature and overcurrent protection, let’s take a look at this graph.
Once the PROFET is on (IN=1) and the diagnosis is enable (DEN=1), it will track the accuracy of the current sense (IIS). As you can see on the graph, in the case where the load current IL is below the current limit, no fault will be detected. When maintained for a long time, IL brings the junction temperature TJ to its absolute limit. The fault is detected and the over temperature protection kicks in.
In for some PROFET (like PROFET+2 (link)), there is also a dynamic overtemperature protection, that watches the dynamic variation of the junction temperature to detect a fault.
Unlike the overtemperature protection, the overcurrent protection is triggered instantaneously, as soon as the load current reaches the tripping current.
Once the protection has been triggered
Depending on the device, the protection, whether it is temperature, voltage or current, can be done:
- by limitation (the maximum current which the MOSFET high side switch can source is limited)
- by tripping (the channel is shut down).
There are two ways of register a fault conditions:
After the intervention of the protection, there are two ways to reactive the device:
- by latch (the device stays off and can only be reactivated by the microcontroller)
- by restart (once the temperature is below a certain threshold, without the need of the microcontroller).
More recent product families like PROFET+2 EPA (link) integrated an intelligent Auto-Restart function, where the channel is allowed to switch on a few times before switching off definitely, in case the conditions for switching on were not met.
For most of the PROFET Smart Switches, other protections are also included:
- Loss of ground protection
- Reverse of polarity protection
- Undervoltage protection.
For more information, please refer to the datasheets.
Comparison to a MOSFET, diversity and versatility
Additionally to the protection and diagnostics that a MOSFET doesn’t provide, the PROFET, as integrated solution, certainly offers an ease-of-use compared to a simple MOSFET. First, it measures the load current and feedback it to the microcontroller, which is not easily available with just a MOSFET. Furthermore, thanks to its integrated charge pump, the PROFET enables you to plug it directly to a microcontroller without having to calibrate the command voltage in input of the PROFET™ (VIN).
Thanks to the wide range of RDSon and packages within the PROFET™ portfolio, you will very likely find an answer to every of your needs. At the same time, the scalability of the PROFET™ within a sub-family enables you to keep a certain design flexibility.
Established expertise and benchmark quality
The PROFET have been commercialized for more than 20 years and have long ago legitimated their leader place on the market. By choosing Infineon high side switch solutions, you opt for the market leading products in quality, reliability and performance. Indeed, the 15 year established know-how in power switch ICS, the highest manufacturing quality and the on-going innovation make the PROFET products the most trustworthy power Switch ICs.
With the aim of evolving with our customers’ needs and the market trends, we constantly improve our products.
- We create new technologies,
- we develop new features,
- and we decline existing products in more cost and energy effective package
to be sure to always propose a solution that is adapted your requirements.
Benefits of the newest families
The newest smart switches families (PROFET™+2 12V, SPOC™+2, Power PROFET™) inherited the sustained technological know-how of the previous families to achieve excellence. In addition to their different features, you can be sure, when opting for one of those three families, that you will:
- Save PCB-space, due to their smaller packages.
- Save cost, thanks to the integrated diode to GND and the smaller package.
- While benefiting from the advantage of a very low power dissipation, thanks to a new technology enabling the very low RDSon.
- Get an outstanding high current accuracy, increasing the safety of your system.
- Benefit from an advanced protection thanks to the intelligent Auto-Restart/Latch functions.
Benefits of the established families
Not to be outdone, the established product families (PROFET™+ and Classic PROFET™) also have their benefits:
- Using them is the insurance that you are using a performance-proofed device. Indeed R&D has worked over the years to improve their quality and manufacture, and Classic PROFET™ counts some of our most widely used parts, even as of today.
- With PROFET™+ and Classic PROFET™, you can also design for a 24V system. Indeed those two families are declined as well for 12V applications as for 24V applications.
- High energy capability
- For applications that have special voltage requirements, PROFET™+ and Classic PROFET™ offer an extended operating voltage and the possibility to support for a short time until 42V for PROFET+12V and until 65V for PROFET+24V.
How to use a PROFET?
Nominal operating Temperature: -40°c to 150°c (125°c for BTS4142N, BTS4880R, BT4141N)
Nominal operating voltage: see product table. The behavior is specified for this voltage range.
In cars and trucks, while cranking, the battery can go down drastically for a few seconds. Therefore many of the PROFET specify a minimum cranking voltage, for which the Smart Switch will still be functioning for a few seconds.
A load dump occurs when the load is suddenly disconnected. In automotive electronics, this applies to disconnecting a battery while the alternator is charging it. Most of the PROFET offer a load dump protection (42V for PROFET+ 12V, 65V for the PROFET+ 24V for example).
For more details,
Infineon’s Smart Switches portfolio is diverse and versatile. It addresses many needs and applications. Although they are automotive qualified and were first develop for automotive applications, the PROFET family are also widely used in industrial and consumer applications.
For more details, please refer to the product families.