12V Automotive LED Driver IC TLD1114-1EP LITIX™ Basic+ Application Circuit

Open online SPICE simulator circuit link: atv_12v_LED_lighting_driver_TLD1114-1EP_application_circuit_V1.tsc


12V Automotive LED Driver IC TLD1114-1EP LITIX™ Basic+
Application Circuit

{=== How to change SPICE convergence parameters ===}

Change the convergence-speed-accuracy trade-off with "Analysis -> Analysis Parameters..."
1) How to improve Accuracy
To speed up the simulation, the TR maximum time step [s] can be adjusted (default value = 10Gs).
- high values may produce less accuracy during signal transition
- a general rule is to have the ratio between test duration (End display) and TR maximum time step
in the range of 1k to 10k
2) How to improve Convergence
The SPICE model is not guaranteed to converge in every test situation with the default simulator settings.
Increasing gradually the following analysis parameters may help achieving the convergence:
Important: exceeding indicated values may impact results accuracy.
- DC absolute current error [A] from 1n (default) to 10n
- DC absolute voltage error [V] from 1u (default) to 10u
- DC relative error [%] from 1m (default) to 10m

The Ambient temperature of the entire chip can be set from VTAMB voltage source.
Junction temperature can be monitored on TJ output pin.
TJ is always TAMB + temperature due to self-heating of the device considering
the main sources of power dissipation (power device, logic, internal regulator).

Thermal model description:
THERMAL_MODEL=1: P=1W; T=85°C; PCB type: 1s0p 300mm2
THERMAL_MODEL=2: P=1W; T=85°C; PCB type: 1s0p 600mm2
THERMAL_MODEL=3: P=1W; T=85°C; PCB type: 1s0p footprint
THERMAL_MODEL=4: P=1W; T=85°C; PCB type: 2s2p
where: P=power injected in chip; T=ambient temperature

Observations:
1. It is required to let the TJ pin open (no external connection)
2. The convention is 1V=1°C

The LITIX™ Basic+ TLD1114-1EP is a single channel high-side driver IC with integrated
output stage. It is designed to control LEDs with a current up to 360 mA. In typical automotive
applications the device is capable of driving 3 red LEDs with a current up to 180 mA and even
above, if not limited by the overall system thermal properties. Practically, the output current is
controlled by an external resistor or reference source, independently from load and supply
voltage changes.

This setup is configured with the load connected to OUTH and CFG=GND and is showing:
1. the power shift feature via external MOSFET control and power resistors RD and RS
2. turn-ON/OFF via PWMI pin
3. short-circuit protection

The device starts-up by ramping-up the supply voltage VS from 0V to 16V in 1ms to show the
Power Shift feature. The current source is set to deliver 300mA alone. When there is enough
voltage between gate and source of external MOSFET, the transistor will turn-ON and part of the
device current will be shifted outside, keeping the output current constant. This can be seen in
the VS current consumption. This amount of current is determined by a proper dimension
of RD and RS resistors.
For more information related to Power Shift feature, please consult section 5.2 from datasheet.

A PWM pulse applied on PWMI input between 1.5ms and 1.7ms deactivates the device.
A short circuit event is applied on the output between 2.5ms and 2.7ms. If the fault persists for
at least tfault, the gate driver will be turned-OFF.

{ Please double click here to enter design criteria }

{ Number of Thermal Model }
THERMAL_MODEL := 1;

- Change simulation time:
"Analysis->Transient: Start - End Display"
- Double click on the green window to enter design criteria
- Click on "Run" and Simulate Transient

Demoboard: BASICPLUS DEMOBOARD


Technical Assistance
Product info: TLD1114-1EP

Other circuits
Evaluation Board: BPLUS OFFLOAD BOARD